Delhi panics as ‘deadly smog’ returns

Pollution levels in India’s capital reach 30 times the recommended safe limit in some areas.

Panic has gripped the Indian capital, Delhi, as residents woke up to a blanket of thick grey smog on Tuesday.

Visibility is poor as pollution levels reached 30 times the World Health Organization’s recommended limit in some areas.

The Indian Medical Association (IMA) declared “a state of medical emergency” and urged the government to “make every possible effort to curb this menace”.

People have been posting dramatic pictures on social media showing the extent of the problem.

Can barely see the tallest buildings in the neighbourhood. #DelhiSmog pic.twitter.com/An6WezksyP

End of Twitter post by @indiancounsel

Delhi…killing us all softly. #pollution pic.twitter.com/84yjc9LjLt

End of Twitter post by @KabirTaneja

A lone bird braves the heavy air in central Delhi this morning. #airqualityindex #smog #Delhi #pollution pic.twitter.com/9XKfTLM4Lp

End of Twitter post by @ParomaMukherjee

View from my balcony at 11:15 am! Delhi NCR has become a hellhole. #smog
(It seems the evil Yindoos celebrated Diwali last night.) pic.twitter.com/RBtxXlHFuX

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The levels of tiny particulate matter (known as PM 2.5) that enter deep into the lungs reached as high as 700 micrograms per cubic metre in some areas on Tuesday, data from the System of Air Quality Weather Forecasting and Research website shows.

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The IMA has also recommended that the city’s half marathon, due to be held on 19 November, should be cancelled.

Most social media users have complained of breathing difficulties.

The air pollution in DELHI is alarming and I hope someone is keen on doing something about it. Lives of little children are at risk and this is not the state of affairs we want them to be growing up in. Time for talk is over. Needs some effective action.

End of Twitter post by @suhelseth

It’s almost impossible to breathe in Delhi today. Pollution is the only story that matters right now. https://t.co/o1jeP8VxbF

End of Twitter post by @Nidhi

When the heart of the capital is facing breathing issues @MURUKESHK pic.twitter.com/gFOiFIwqQ2

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The chief minister of Delhi, Arvind Kejriwal, has asked his education minister to consider shutting down schools for a few days.

Delhi sees pollution levels soar in winter due to farmers in neighbouring Punjab and Haryana states burning stubble to clear their fields.

Activists say very little has been done to stop the practice despite Delhi facing severe pollution for a number of years.

Low wind speeds, dust from construction sites, rubbish burning in the capital and firecrackers used in festivals also contribute to increasing pollution levels.

The government enacted a plan in October to combat some of these problems.

The plan includes traffic restrictions and the shutdown of a major power plant. Last year car rationing was trialled in an attempt to curb pollution.

But none of the measure seem to have had much impact.

Some Twitter users believe that the problem needs a long-term solution instead of a “peace-meal approach”.

Delhi is doomed. #smog #delhiAirPollution #delhipollution
Unliveable city. Why isn’t the government stepping in?? @ArvindKejriwal @PMOIndia pic.twitter.com/9sdaNlRqAc

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Colour of Delhi sky today.The Sun is out but you can barely see anything #delhipollution pic.twitter.com/CIvDNO71te

End of Twitter post by @jyots43

Welcoming the King & Queen of Belgium, now in #Delhi to commemorate Indians who fought in #Flanders, with an atmospheric recreation of WW1. pic.twitter.com/KUvksfOQdu

End of Twitter post by @rkarnad

Carl Sargeant who faced a party investigation into allegations about his personal conduct has taken his own life, BBC understands.